Phonics and Reading

 

Early Years Foundation Stage and KS1 Phonics & Reading Provision

 

At Petteril Bank Community School we aim for all our children to become fluentconfident readers who are passionate about reading.

 

Children who read regularly or are read to regularly have the opportunity to open the doors to so many different worlds!

More importantly, reading will give your child the tools to become independent life-long learners.

We can achieve this together through:

  • Read Write Inc, a program to help to your child read at school
  • Encouraging children to develop a love of books by reading to them daily, at home and at school
  • Giving children access to a wide range of books at school and at home

 

At Petteril Bank we use Read Write Inc Phonics (RWI) to give your child the best possible start with their Literacy development.  Mrs Robson is our Read Write Inc lead teacher, so if you have questions about RWI, contact school who can refer you to her. 

 

What is Read Write Inc?

Read Write Inc (RWI) is a phonics complete literacy programme which helps all children learn to read fluently and at speed so they can focus on developing their skills in comprehension, vocabulary and spelling.  The programme is designed for children aged 4-7. However, at Petteril Bank Community School we will continue teaching RWI to children beyond the age of 7, as we use a stage not age approach. RWI was developed by Ruth Miskin and more information on this can be found at http://www.ruthmiskin.com/en/parents-copy-2/

 

How will RWI be taught?

All children are assessed regularly by our RWI lead teacher.  From these assessments children are grouped into stages, where they work with peers on the same stage.  

 

Reception

As soon as children enter Reception, they will be introduced to the initial sounds in short five minutes sessions.  They will learn how to ‘read’ the sounds in words and how those sounds can be written down.

 

Reading

The children:

  • Learn 44 sounds and the corresponding letters/letter groups using simple picture prompts – see below
  • Learn to read words using Fred talk and sound blending
  • Read from a range of storybooks and non-fictions books matched to their phonic knowledge
  • Work well with partners
  • Develop comprehension skills in stories by answering 'Find It' and 'Prove It' discussion questions

 

Writing

The children:

  • Learn to write and form the letters/letter groups which represent the 44 sounds with the help of fun phrases
  • Learn to write words by using Fred Talk
  • Learn to build sentences by practising sentences out loud before they write 

 

Talking

The children work in pairs so that they:

  • Answer every question
  • Practise every activity with their partner
  • Take turns in talking and reading to each other
  • Develop ambitious vocabulary

Progressing through the stages

Children follow the same format as Early Years but will work on complex sounds and read books appropriate to their reading level. Daily sessions of RWI phonics last for 50 minutes and include phonics, reading and writing activities.  

 

Five key principles underpin the teaching in all Read Write Inc. sessions:  

Purpose – know the purpose of every activity and share it with the children, so they know the one thing they should be thinking about

Participation – ensure every child participates throughout the lesson. Partnership work is fundamental to learning

Praise – ensure children are praised for effort and learning, not ability

Pace – teach at an effective pace and devote every moment to teaching and learning

Passion – be passionate about teaching so children can be engaged emotionally.

 

Children will be taught how to read as follows:

Before you start to teach your child, practice saying the sounds below. These are the sounds we use to speak in English. Children initially begin using pictures for each sound, this will help children recognise the sound and then form the shape of the sound. 

Fred Talk

We use pure sounds (‘m’ not’ muh’,’s’ not ‘suh’, etc.) so that your child will be able to blend the sounds into words more easily.

At school we use a puppet called Fred who is an expert on sounding out words! we call it, ‘Fred Talk’. E.g. m-o-p, c-a-t, m-a-n, sh-o-p, b-l-a-ck.

 

The following video is an example of blending sounds with Fred. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dEzfpod5w_Q

The children are taught the sounds in 3 sets.

Step 1:

Set 1 Sounds are taught in the following order together with rhymes to help children form the letters correctly and instantly recognise sounds ready for blending.

 

Set 1

Sound

Rhyme

m

Down Maisie then over the two mountains. Maisie, mountain, mountain.

a

Round the apple, down the leaf.

s

Slide around the snake

d

Round the dinosaur's back, up his neck and down to his feet.

t

Down the tower, across the tower,

i

Down the insects body, dot for the head.

n

Down Nobby and over the net.

p

Down the plait, up and over the pirates face.

g

Round the girls face, down her hair and give her a curl

o

All around the orange

c

Curl around the caterpillar

k

Down the kangaroos body, tail and leg

u

Down and under the umbrella, up to the top and down to the puddle

b

Down the laces, over the toe and touch the heel

f

Down the stem and draw the leaves

e

Slice into the egg, go over the top, then under the egg

l

Down the long leg

h

Down the horse's head to the hooves and over his back

r

Down the robot's back, then up and curl

j

Down his body, curl and dot

v

Down a wing, up a wing

y

Down a horn, up a horn and under the yak's head.

w

 Down, up, down, up the worm.

z

Zig-Zag-Zig, down the Zip

x

Cross down the arm and leg and cross the other way

sh

 Slither down the snake, then down the horse's head to the hooves and over his back

th

Down the tower, across the tower, then down the horse’s head to the hooves and over his back

ch

Curl around the caterpillar, , then down the horse's head to the hooves and over his back

qu

Round the queen’s head, up to her crown, down her hair and curl

ng

A thing on a string

nk

I think I stink

 

At this stage we do not use the letter names

Use the link below to support your pronunciation  sounds correctly.

https://www.ruthmiskin.com/en/parents-copy-2/

Step 2:

The children are then taught Set 2 Sounds - the long vowels. When they are very confident with all of set 1 and 2 they are taught Set 3 Sounds.

Long  vowel sound

Set 2 Speed Sound cards

Teach these first

Set 3 Speed Sound cards

ay

ay: may I play

a-e: make a cake

ai: snail in the rain

ee

ee: what can you see

ea: cup of tea

e: he me we she be

igh

igh: fly high

i-e: nice smile

ow

ow: blow the snow

o-e: phone home

ao: goat in a boat

oo

oo: poo at the zoo

u-e: huge brute

ew: chew the stew

oo

oo: look at a book

 

 

ar

ar: start the car

 

 

or

or: shut the door

aw: yawn at dawn

 

air

air: that’s not fair

are: share and care

 

ir

ir: whirl and twirl

ur: nurse for a purse

er: a better letter

ou

ou: shout it out

ow: brown cow

 

oy

oy: toy for a boy

oi: spoil the boy

 

ire

 

ire: fire fire!

 

ear

 

ear: hear with your ear

 

ure

 

ure: sure it’s pure?

 

 

Nonsense words (Alien words)- What 'a load' of nonsense!       

As well as learning to read and blend real words children will have plenty of opportunities to apply their sound recognition skills on reading ‘Nonsense words’. These words will also feature heavily in the Year One Phonics Screening check in the summer term.  These words provide endless opportunities for children to apply and practice their thinking in a range of different contexts. 

Step 3:

Within all the  RWI sessions/books children will be exposed to red and green words to learn to help them to become speedy readers. Red words are words that are not easily decodable and challenge words to extend children’s vocabulary. Green words are linked to the sounds they have been learning and are easily decodable.

 

       

 

Dots and dashes represent the sound each letter makes.

During the RWI session children will read the book three times and at each new reading they will have plenty of opportunities to practise using their developing comprehension skills. You may have heard your child talking about ‘hold, edit or build a sentence’.

Hold a sentence is an activity that encourages children to remember a whole sentence while focusing on spelling and punctuation.

Build a sentence is to give children the opportunity to create their own sentence to that shows the meaning of a word and edit a sentence allows the children to critique a sentence using their knowledge of spelling punctuation and grammar. Children complete a longer piece of independent writing, which gives them the opportunity to show off their creativity and to practice their spelling, grammar and punctuation.

To help at home:

Your child will start to bring books home when they are confident readers, relating to their reading stage. You will find they will bring home a phonics based book, this will aid application, speed and fluency- developing speedy reading!  Following on from this, they will bring a comprehension based book which will begin to enrich their reading, which will require decoding skills.  Only then, children will bring home enriched reading books which will enhance their understanding via inspirational language promoting depth to their understanding.

At Petteril Bank Community School, we believe that reading sets children up to be successful learners in all aspects of the curriculum and life. It is crucial in developing imagination, creativity, language and thinking. We are committed to providing a positive, stimulating and exciting environment that promotes reading for pleasure, which in turn can develop a love of reading.

 

 

Key Stage 2 Reading Provision

In Key Stage 2, we continue to strive to develop a passion for reading and promote children reading for pleasure. We promote the fact that reading can enhance a child’s literacy skills in all areas of the curriculum and set them up to succeed in their future lives too.

We believe that exposing children to a wide range of high quality texts (both fiction and non-fiction) contributes to every child’s achievement. This is because it broadens their experiences and exposes them to new vocabulary and understanding.

We aim for our pupils to become lifelong readers for purpose and pleasure. We enhance both the child’s fluency and comprehension ability across all genres of texts. This is achieved through:

  • Independent reading for pleasure. The children choose their own book from our school library
  • Whole-class VIPERS reading sessions. These sessions give children the opportunity to improve key reading skills – Vocabulary, Inference, Prediction, Explain, Retrieve, Summarise
  • Exposing children to a wealth of high quality texts across the curriculum areas
  • Targeted guided reading groups to support the ongoing development of reading
  • One-to-one priority readers to promote a love of books for those that struggle to engage with reading for pleasure
  • Reading Fluency programme (Herts for Learning - introduced in March 2021) to enhance fluency and therefore understanding of a broader range of texts

The reading provision in Key Stage 2 at Petteril Bank Community School consists of the following main elements:

  • Having a high quality book list across the Key Stage from Years 3 to 6
  • Enjoying daily class novels for pleasure through the VIPERS approach
  • Having an effective home reading system
  • Promoting whole-school reading challenges and competitions to stimulate a love of reading
  • Regular one-to-one, group guided & whole class reading experiences

All of our staff in Key Stage 2 act as reading role models. The sharing and discussion about books and other reading materials is frequent and regular.

All pupils have access to a wide range of fiction, poetry and non-fiction in different formats.

© Copyright 2019–2022 Petteril Bank Community School

School & College Websites by Schudio